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Table 1 Number of historical uses for each potential surrogate with references.

From: Identifying experimental surrogates for Bacillus anthracis spores: a review

Species* No. of uses† References
Bacillus atrophaeus 40 [15, 17, 18, 27, 29, 34, 4042, 48, 50, 52, 54, 68, 71, 72, 75, 76, 78, 83, 8688, 94, 95, 101, 102, 104, 107, 109, 112115, 174, 208, 219222]
B. cereus 29 [22, 26, 4043, 48, 54, 58, 59, 65, 66, 6870, 72, 73, 77, 82, 88, 95, 103, 104, 174, 213, 223226]
B. subtilis 26 [19, 37, 40, 4244, 48, 60, 70, 82, 84, 85, 88, 94, 96, 100, 104106, 174, 209, 213, 216, 219, 224, 226]
B. thuringiensis 26 [16, 22, 26, 27, 4043, 48, 58, 60, 66, 68, 72, 81, 82, 88, 94, 95, 99, 100, 111, 174, 192, 227, 228]
B. anthracis Sterne 20 [25, 26, 40, 43, 48, 49, 5860, 68, 72, 75, 81, 103, 174, 213, 223, 224, 226, 229]
B. megaterium 8 [4042, 48, 94, 102, 104, 174]
B. mycoides 4 [43, 60, 72, 226]
Geobacillus 3 [37, 174, 209]
  1. *Strains not identified.
  2. References through January 2010.