Diversity and AMOVA results. (A) Mean number of pairwise differences (and SE bars) for the NRY and mtDNA sequences from each regional group. (B) AMOVA results for the entire worldwide dataset, and for each regional group of populations. Two comparisons are shown for the entire dataset; the left comparison includes regional groups as an additional hierarchical level, while the right one does not. * indicates that the among-population component of diversity does not differ significantly from zero (after Bonferroni adjustment of the P value for multiple comparisons).