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Table 1 Samples used in this study

From: DNA capture and next-generation sequencing can recover whole mitochondrial genomes from highly degraded samples for human identification

ACAD ID Description Age Excavated Locality Environmental conditions of site Preservation status on collection
8727C Cranium fragment Approximately 10 years Unknown South-east Queensland, Australia Surface deposit Well preserved
11995A Long bone fragment Approximately 70 years 2011 Papua New Guinea Tropical lowland battlefield, wet Poor
9210A Tooth Approximately 70 years 2006 Christmas Island, Australia Tropical lowland, burial, wet Well preserved
4464B Long bone fragment Approximately 2500 years (Iron Age) 2007 Latsch, South Tyrol, Italy Temperate, burial Well preserved
10730A Long bone fragment Approximately 600 to 1,000 years (Ychsma culture) 2002 Huaca Pucllana, Lima, Peru Temperate, high altitude, burial Well preserved
  1. ACAD, Australian Centre for Ancient DNA.